The oldest historical reference to Fugnano dates back to 1254, the year in which three people from the Casolare di Fugnano farm were registered as wood merchants. Fugnano was therefore a farmhouse of ancient origin and a small community worthy of having its own small church dedicated to San Bartolomeo. This church, as dependent on the church of Santa Maria Assunta di Cellole, was included in the diocese of Volterra, under which it remained until the end of 1800. Toward the endof this century the church was deconsecrated and then closed. The fact that in 1254 there were three wood merchantssuggests that the farmwas surrounded by woodlands. In this period Fugnano was considered one of the 44 villas of the San Gimignanodistrict, "villa" meaning a rural agglomeration in which sharecroppers, day laborersand independent farmerslived.
In 1348 the plague struck all over and the village of Fugnano was depopulated.Manyfieldswere abandoned, and a number ofhouses remained empty and began to fall into ruin.This is certainly the period of greatest decline, whenthe buildings changed their appearance and certainly all the ancient castle structures disappeared. Fugnano was reduced to a village that was almost completely uninhabited until 1475, the year in which, after almost a century and a half after the plague, it was repopulated, reaching its peak with 66 inhabitants in 1745.
From then until the end of the Second World War, Fugnano was a village inhabited mainly by sharecroppers and the lands were united in one or two large estateproperties, of considerable size. vast. After the war the depopulation and the abandonment of the lands began again, until the farms surrounding the village were bought by the Commendadore Andrea Pensabene, who, having left his native Sicily, came to revive the ancient village and to rebuild with renewed cultures the ancient Fattoria di Fugnano. After hisdeath, in 1997 hisgranddaughter Laura, at the age of 23, left her studies in law to continue her grandfather's work and, with the support of her family, now produces excellent wine and hosts thousands of travelers every year from all over the world, giving them a unique experience in the heart of the Tuscan countryside.